Salem Online History This site is provided by Salem Public Library (Salem, Oregon).
space space
Brief History
Natural History
Timeline Search
Prehistoric Oregon
Great Flood
No Image Available
Woolly Mammoth
No Image Available
The Great Flood: A Geologic Event Which Shaped Salem
Salem is located at the confluence of Mill Creek and the Willamette River. Since its settlement in the 1840’s the city has grown north and east onto the flat valley floor and expanded south and west into the Salem and Eola Hills. Twelve thousand years ago horses, camels, mammoths, bison, deer, bear, panthers, tigers, and lions roamed the valley. Thousands of birds, including giant condors, hawks, eagles, geese... Learn More

Ice Age In The Willamette Valley
Although no glaciers got into the Willamette Valley during the ice ages between 2 million years ago and about 12,000 years ago the effects of this cold interval were profound on this area. Glacial ice is probably the most effective agent to wear and grind down rock ever devised by nature. The ice ages saw incredible amounts of material being flushed into the valley from the east out of the Cascades. As this great mass of sand, silt and gravel flowed into the valley born on streams it began to clog and plug the natural stream system creating a network of shallow ponds... Learn More

Hugh "Tip" Hennessey Recounts Salem's Mammoth Discovery
I have been involved in the cattle business for the past forty years, and in the Spring of 1994, I purchased a 285 acre farm in southeast Salem, just north of Turner, for both business (and) pleasure, and the beauty of the country. We feed a lot of cattle and from Spring through Fall most of that feed comes from pasture. So it did not sit well with me when the Northwest Natural Gas Company informed me that they intended to dig a ten foot deep, four foot wide trench through our land. We would be losing a large area of our pasture for the better part of a year. However, the work began in the Spring of 1995, and by July, the trench was about halfway completed. This is when an unfortunate situation turned into a "mammoth" discovery. Learn More

Woolly Mammoths In Salem
A long time ago huge beasts wandered the land on which Salem is built. In 1995 that theory was proven correct by the discovery of the remains of two tusks and a jaw bone on the southeast Salem farm of Tip and Mary Ann Hennessey. The remains were discovered by surprised workmen who were digging a trench for a gas company pipeline. Later, a paleontologist identified the samples as being from a Woolly Mammoth. Learn More
Home | About | History Resources | SiteMap | Historic Photographs | Salem Public Library
© 2005-2006 Salem Public Library (Salem, OR) Brief History Commerce Culture Education Maps Natural History People Places Timeline Search Transportation