Salem Online History This site is provided by Salem Public Library (Salem, Oregon).
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Brief History
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Weather and Land
Willamette River
Elevations map
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Lake Labish onion field damaged by flood
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July 12: The Only Dry Day In Salem
Plan family picnics and outdoor weddings for July 12th in Salem. It's held its record for over 109 years as the only day it hasn't rained in Salem.
Since the National Weather Service began keeping records in 1892 for Salem, July 12 has remained and driest day and July its driest month: True, a trace was observed July 1968, 1983, and 1988. But there never has been a measurable amount, which requires at least a hundredth... Learn More

Land Elevations in Salem
Downtown Salem: 150
Keizer: 135
12th and Madrona SE: 343
Kuebler and Croisan Creek SE, around Sprague High: 550
Salemtowne, off Wallace Road NW: 229
Orchard Heights and Doaks Ferry NW: 780
35th and Glen Creek NW: 560
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Salem's Physical Setting
Salem is located in the north-central part of the Willamette River Valley basin. It straddles the east and west banks of the Willamette River. Residents on the east side of the river reside in Marion County, of which Salem is the county seat, while those on the west side of the Willamette River reside in Polk County. West Salem, a separate city incorporated in 1913, was annexed to Salem in 1949. Salem is the capital of Oregon. At an elevation of approximately 150 feet above sea level, Salem rests in a natural basin that is formed by the westward Eola Hills rising between 900 and 1,000 feet, the Waldo Hills to the east between 500 and 600 feet, and to the south the volcanic Salem Hills rising between 600 and 700 feet. Learn More

The Soils of Marion County
The largest areas of Aiken Clay Loam are just south and southwest of Salem. The relief ranges from rolling to rough and broken. Most of the areas now under cultivation occur on the smooth tops of rolling hills and have good air drainage which is very essential in the production of fruit crops. The soil has excellent surface and subsurface drainage. It is high in colloidal clay, yet is usually friable and can be readily put in good tilth. Learn More

Weather Records In Salem
High Temperatures
83 - October 17, 2002
104 - August 17, 2002
104E - September 2, 1988
104 - August 13, 2002
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